Building Code Definitions


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B

backcountry hut

means a building that—
(a) is located on land that is administered by the Department of Conservation for conservation, recreational, scientific, or other related purposes, including any land administered under any of the following:
(i) the Conservation Act 1987:
(ii) the National Parks Act 1980:
(iii) the Reserves Act 1977; and
(b) is intended to provide overnight shelter to any person who may visit and who carries his or her own food, bedding, clothing, and outdoor equipment; and
(c) contains only basic facilities, which may include (but are not limited to) any or all of the following:
(i) sleeping platforms or bunks:
(ii) mattresses:
(iii) food preparation surfaces:
(iv) appliances for heating:
(v) appliances for cooking:
(vi) toilets; and
(d) has been certified by the Director-General as being in a location that wheelchair users are unlikely to be able to visit; and
(e) is intended to be able to sleep—
(i) no more than 20 people in its backcountry hut sleeping area; and
(ii) no more than 40 people in total; and
(f) does not contain any connection, except by radiocommunications, to a network utility operator

backcountry hut sleeping area

means the area of a backcountry hut that contains sleeping platforms, bunks, or beds that are—
(a) within the same room as a food preparation or eating area; or 
(b) in a fully enclosed room that is separate from any food preparation or eating area and has— 
(i) internal walls that limit the spread of fire; and 
(ii) the means of direct egress to outside the hut

boundary

means any boundary that is shown on a survey plan that is approved by the Surveyor-General and deposited with the Registrar-General of Land, whether or not a new title has been issued

building

"has the meaning ascribed to it by section 3 of the Act as follows: meaning of building—

(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, the term building” means any temporary or permanent movable or immovable structure (including any structure intended for occupation by people, animals, machinery, or chattels); and includes any mechanical, electrical, or other systems, and any utility systems, attached to and forming part of the structure whose proper operation is necessary for compliance with the building code; but does not include: 
(a) systems owned or operated by a network utility operator for the purpose of reticulation of other property; or 
(b) cranes, including any cranes as defined in any regulations in force under the Health and Safety in Employment Act 1992; or 
(c) cablecars, cableways, ski tows, and other similar stand alone machinery systems, whether or not incorporated within any other structure; or
(d) any description of vessel, boat, ferry, or craft used in navigation, whether or not it has any means of propulsion, and regardless of that means; nor does it include— 
(i) a barge, lighter, or other like vessel: 
(ii) a hovercraft or other thing deriving full or partial support in the atmosphere from the reactions of air against the surface of the water over which it operates: 
(iii) a submarine or other thing used in navigation while totally submerged; or (
e) vehicles and motor vehicles (including vehicles and motor vehicles as defined in section 2(1) of the Transport Act 1962 and section 2(1) of the Transport (Vehicle and Driver Registration and Licensing) Act 1986), but not including vehicles and motor vehicles, whether movable or immovable, which are used exclusively for permanent or long-term residential purposes; or (ea) aircraft, including any machine that can derive support in the atmosphere from the reactions of the air otherwise than by the reactions of the air against the surface of the earth; or 
(f) containers as defined in section 2(1) of the Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996; or 
(g) magazines as defined in section 2 of the Explosives Act 1957; or 
(h) scaffolding used in the course of the construction process; or (i) falsework used in the course of the construction process. 
(2) For the purposes of Part 9 of this Act, a building consent, a code compliance certificate, and a compliance schedule the term building also includes— 
(a) any part of a building; and 
(b) any 2 or more buildings which, on completion of any building work, are intended to be managed as 1 building with a common use and a common set of ownership arrangements. 
(3) For the purposes of subclause (2) of this definition, where any utility system or any part of any utility system— 
(a) is external to the building; and 
(b) is also connected to or is intended to be connected to— 
(i) a network under the control of a network utility operator; or 
(ii) some other facility which is able to provide for the successful functioning of the utility system in accordance with its intended design— that utility system or that part of the utility system shall be deemed to be part of a building. 
(4) Notwithstanding the provisions of subclause (3) of this definition, where a septic tank is connected to a building utility system the septic tank shall be deemed to form part of that building utility system.

building certifier

means a person approved as a building certifier by the Authority under Part 7 of the Act

building code

means the building code made under Part 6 of the Act

building consent

means a consent to carry out building work granted by a territorial authority under Part 5 of the Act; and includes all conditions to which the consent is subject

building element

any structural or non-structural component and assembly incorporated into or associated with a building. Included are fixtures, services, drains, permanent mechanical installations for access, glazing, partitions, ceilings and temporary supports

building height

means the vertical distance between the floor level of the lowest occupied space above the ground and the top of the highest occupied floor, but not including spaces located within or on the roof that enclose stairways, lift shafts, or machinery rooms

building performance index (bpi)

, in relation to a building, means the heating energy of the building divided by the product of the heating degrees total and the sum of the floor area and the total wall area, and so is calculated in accordance with the following formula: 


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